CO2 Fractional Laser
UltraPulse® can penetrate deeper than any aesthetic ablative CO2 laser. Combined with great versatility, this makes UltraPulse® perfect for both everyday procedures and the thick and complex lesions.
How Does A CO2 Laser Work?
CO2 lasers produce light at a 10,600nm wavelength, which is absorbed by water in the tissue. The laser energy heats up the water until it reaches a boiling point causing the evaporation of the affected tissue. Some heat is absorbed by tissue adjacent to the ablated target area, causing tissue coagulation which induces hemostasis (the cessation of bleeding) as well as thermal stimulation of deep skin layers, which induces fibroblast stimulation and neocollagenesis (the formation of new collagen).
The laser beam can also be transmitted through a scanner which is a device used to further control the delivery of energy. The scanner regulates the configuration of energy delivered onto the skin, which can range from covering the entire treatment area or just a fraction of it (leaving the areas in between untreated); (also referred to as fractional ablation). The overall effect of ablation and coagulation, either full or fractional, is the removal of skin and the stimulation of the body to replace it with newer, younger skin
What are chemical peels and how do they work?
Chemical skin peels do exactly what the name says. They assist your body in “peeling” away old and unwanted skin cells, to speed up the regeneration process. The skin peel breaks the bonds between old, unwanted cells, making them “drop off”, to allow new cells to grow in their place.
With hyperpigmentation specifically, this process gets rid of the darkly pigmented cells faster. This allows the new, even-tone cells to take their place. So doing, the hyperpigmentation goes away faster.
Types of skin peels used for hyper-pigmentation
Your skincare therapist or doctor will advise you which peel is best for your particular case. But, in general, there are three main types of skin peels commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation.
Glycolic Acid – Alpha Peel
Part of the fruit acid family, glycolic acid peels are alpha-hydroxy acid and one of the mildest and most popular types of skin peels available. Used to treat epidermal hyperpigmentation (on the surface layers of the skin), it’s an ideal lunchtime peel since there’s no downtime after the treatment.
Salicylic Acid – Beta Peel
Called “beta” because it’s a beta-hydroxy acid, the alpha’s slightly harder working cousin. Salicylic acid peels also exfoliate (make skin shed) the top layers of skin like alpha peels, but they have an added antibacterial effect and helps clean and renew pores in the face.
Salicylic acid peels are used to treat all three types of hyperpigmentation. But, like alpha peels, only a qualified skincare therapist or doctor can do the treatment on you.
Trichloroacetic – TCA
TCA is an acid commonly used in medicine to destroy or kill unwanted skin imperfections, such as warts. Thus, TCA peels (a variation specifically designed to be used as a peel on the face) are stronger and penetrate deeper than the other peels. It’s used to treat really deep-seated hyperpigmentation.
The most notable differences between this peel and others are that TCA peels will cause your skin to visibly shed (there might be a little downtime involved) and only a medical doctor can administer this treatment.
Because they exfoliate and promote new cell turnover, skin peels speed up the treatment of any kind of hyperpigmentation. Speak to your skin therapist or doctor about chemical skin peels to get perfectly even-tone skin this summer.
Collagen Induction Therapy ( Micro-needling)
Collagen Induction Therapy (CIT) also known as micro-needling is a procedure that improves the appearance of wrinkles, acne scars and stretch marks by stimulating your skin’s natural ability to repair itself.
Collagen Induction Therapy uses tiny, sharp needles to create hundreds of micro-channels in the superficial layers of the skin. In response to these micro-injuries, your body releases growth factors and cytokines, which trigger the wound-healing process.
During this process, the body produces more collagen a fibrous protein that contributes to the structural integrity of the skin resulting in thicker more youthful-appearing skin.
There are no major contraindications for Collagen Induction Therapy. As with all cosmetic treatments, the ideal candidate should have realistic expectations and be in generally good health. The treatment is suitable for all skin types, unlike some laser or chemical peels procedures. If you have any of the following concerns, you may be a suitable candidate for Collagen Induction Therapy:
Lines and wrinkles
Scarring from acne, chicken pox, injuries or surgery
Risks and complications associated with this treatment are minimal but can include:
Flaking or dryness of the skin
The appearance of white spots, known as milia
The appearance of dark patches on the skin, known as hyper-pigmentation
An outbreak of cold sores in previous suffers
Any complications with this treatment are rare and can be easily resolved in most cases.
After Collagen Induction Therapy Treatment, your skin will be a bit red or pink. You may also get some bleeding and bruising, however this should be minimal and will depend on the length of the needle used during your treatment. The downtime with this treatment is very quick and you should have recovered between 24-72 hours.
Because the results of this treatment rely on kick-starting your body’s own collagen production, it can take between four to eight weeks before you start to fully see the benefits. A series of between two and five treatments is usually recommended to achieve maximum results.