Normal ageing involves volume loss in the different layers of the face (up to 10ml/year or 10% of the total volume) from the age of 30 years. To augment this volume loss, dermal fillers are used in all the different layers.
Types of dermal fillers
1. Hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance found in your body. High concentrations are found in soft connective tissues and in the fluid surrounding your eyes, cartilage and joint fluids, as well as skin tissue. Hyaluronic acid is reformulated and made in a laboratory (no human or animal tissue) and now has become one of the most popular kinds of injectable fillers. If the term sounds familiar, it's because the same substance is often injected into the aching joints of people with arthritis to ease pain and provide extra cushioning.
Brand names include: Juvederm, Belotero, Perfectha, Teosyal, Restylane, HyalDew
Hyaluronic acid injections are used to improve the facial contour and reduce depressions in the skin due to volume loss, scars, injury or lines. Potentially dramatic improvements for:
Cheek, forehead and temple depressions and hollows
Crow's feet lines at the corner of your eyes
Deep smile lines that run from the side of the nose to corners of the mouth (nasolabial folds)
Frown lines between the eyebrows
Depression lines from mouth corners to jawline (Marionette lines)
Redefining lip line lip volume
Scars including burns, acne and those caused by wounds
Smoker's lines; vertical lines on the mouth
Some facial scars
Worry lines that run across your forehead
Collagen Induction Fillers (Biostimulators)
As the skin ages, it loses its structural proteins (Elastin and Collagen), it becomes lax and saggy, contributing to a tired and aged look.
Ellansé, the first of a new class of dermal fillers that naturally regenerates volume and restores the shape of the face that age has taken away providing the most natural looking, safest and longest lasting results. This can be achieved because of the complete stimulation and integration of autologous type 1 collagen into the dermal matrix. Unmatched safety profile, tunable durability (1-4 years) and patient satisfaction warrant this product a very favorable choice.
Used to enhance:
· Facial volume loss (forehead, temple, cheek, under-eye and in-front-of-ear area)
· Chin Augmentation and Marionette lines
· Redefining of jawline
· Nose Reshaping
· Nasolabial Folds
· Forehead lines
Malar Augmentation & Volumization
Brand names include: Radiesse
Calcium hydroxylapatite is found naturally in human bones and is a mineral-like compound.
It's often used to:
Moderate-to-severe creases such as nasolabial folds, marionette lines and frown lines
Enhance fullness of the cheeks and other facial contours
Improve volume in areas of facial wasting such as can occur in HIV-positive people taking certain medications
Calcium hydroxylapatite is biosynthetically produced, which means that no human or animal products are used. This lowers your risk of an allergic reaction and no skin testing is required. This type of dermal filler is known to produce a very natural result, doesn't migrate and side effects are rare. This dermal filler was first used in dentistry and reconstructive surgery and has a long safety record.